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2018年自学考试《英语(一)》真题练习:填句补文(1)

时间:2018-01-20  来源:  作者:

  单选题

  [填句补文]More and more Americans are living alone. Some live alone because of divorce or the death of a partner. ________. According to a recent U.S. census (人口普查), 25 percent of all households in the U.S. are made up of just one person.

  A、It seems that many grown-ups today are realizing that childhood dream.

  B、He says, “I like being by myself.”

  C、However, even more people are living alone because they have chosen to.

  D、There‘s more pressure to get married nowadays.

  正确答案:C

  答案解析:前句中是在对美国独身人中的具体情况进行介绍,而且提到了一些美国人独身leave alone的原因,这是一个线索词,判断C是答案,C中提到了更大多数美国人独身的原因。

  2、[填句补文]Gang Xiao and Ben Schrag at Brown University, visualize the current by measuring subtle(细微的) changes in the magnetic field of an object and ________.

  A、to shrink it to the size of a desktop computer

  B、to make it capable of measuring very weak changes in magnetic fields

  C、as well as revealing microscopic defects in anything from aircraft to banknotes

  D、converting the information into a color picture showing the density of current at each point

  正确答案:D

  答案解析:空格前的by在句中引导两个在句法结构上并列的分词短语:一个是measuring subtle (细微的) changes in the magnetic field of an object;另一个就是converting the information into…,即:通过测量一个物体的磁场内的细微变化和把信息转化成显示每一点电流强度的彩色图片而使电流显现。

  3、

  [填句补文]The typical person living alone is neither old nor lonely. ________. The majority of these people have chosen to live alone. They are responding to decreasing social pressure to get married and have a family.

  A、This is a dramatic change from the extended families of just a couple of generations ago.

  B、The growing number of women with good jobs has done much to increase the number of people living alone.

  C、There‘s more pressure to get married nowadays.

  D、In fact, a quarter of the 23 million single people in the U.S. are under the age of 35.

  正确答案:D

  答案解析:空格后句中出现代词“these people”,而空格前句出现的人是单数形式,因此判断空格处应该出现表意复数的人,从而与these people相呼应。而且空格前句提到了“年龄(old)”,所以判断D是答案,a quarter of the 23 million single people是复数名词,而且D中提到了年龄(35岁以下)。

        2018年自考本科《教育科学研究方法》复习(4)               2018年自考本科《教育科学研究方法》复习(5)

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